candlestick

1841


The Collected Letters, Volume 13


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CHRONOLOGY; 1987; DOI: 10.1215/ed-13-chronology; CL 13: firstpage-13-xxiii-lastpage-13-xxvi

CHRONOLOGY

1841–1842

1841 January. JWC confined to the house but otherwise well; TC still reading widely on the Cromwellian period, but uncertain what to write about it. He accepts £75 from James Fraser for Heroes and prepares the second British edition of Sartor Resartus for simultaneous publication.

February. J. G. Cochrane appointed librarian of the London Library, and TC gives up joint-secretaryship. Further jury service in a case about “Patent India-rubber cotton cards” (10–11th). A severe winter and time of national hardship. Continued association and correspondence with such friends as Mazzini, Milman, the Emersons, Monckton Milnes, John Sterling, John Mill, and with TC's family.

March. Publication of Heroes and Sartor; a brief visit by Geraldine Jewsbury. TC fails to join his brother Dr. John in the Isle of Wight, but makes shorter visits with him to Hampton Court and Windsor. TC painted by Samuel Laurence.

April. Continues working on the civil war period. Accompanies Milnes on a visit to his home at Fryston while JWC spring-cleans at Cheyne Row; visits the Marshalls at Headingley, Leeds, then on to Scotland by a Liverpool steamship, arriving at Scotsbrig on 22nd.

May. 1: visits Templand. Returns to London via Liverpool. Emerson continues to promote TC's profitable publication in the U.S., and TC receives Emerson's Essays. Resumes historical reading.

June. A visit from Thackeray. TC offers to write about “The Literature of Desperation” (George Sand and others) for the Edinburgh Review, and arranges to provide a preface to Emerson's Essays for reprinting by Fraser. Plans summer holiday on the coast of the Solway Firth. 31: sets out for Newcastle, where he visits Harriet Martineau.

July. On to Scotsbrig (2nd); observes whig defeat in the general election; and chooses holiday cottage at Newby. JWC entertains friends at Chelsea (Sterling, Cavaignac, Mazzini); sets out for Liverpool (16) and Annan (21), and on to Templand and her mother. TC and JWC go for their holiday at Newby (26), which neither enjoy.

August. Visited at Newby by TC's family. TC's sister Jenny and her husband, Robert Hanning, agree to a trial separation. 23: the Carlyles leave Newby for Templand then Scotsbrig; and TC visits Thomas Spedding, at Greta Bank, near Keswick (30th).

September. 1: TC at Greta Bank, 2–3: visits the Marshalls at Monk Coniston, nearby. 8: return to Scotsbrig. 13: reunion with JWC. 16: their departure for Tynemouth. 21: to York and home (22nd). A visit from Dr. John Carlyle. TC returns to the Cromwellian period and experimental drafts.

October. TC writes about the poor law to Dr. Chalmers and about “Millocrats” and the “corn-law aristocracy” to James G. Marshall; declines to write about Ossian for the Westminster Review.

November. TC works on “Baillie, the Covenanter.” Gambardella comes to England from Boston, tries to paint TC, but abandons the attempt.

December. Edinburgh students try to persuade TC to apply for the chair of universal history, but he declines. Research on seventeenth-century pamphlets at the British Museum. 20: “Baillie” appears in the January number of the Westminster Review; further research and writing; Browning dines at Cheyne Row.

1842 January. Forster asks for an article for the Foreign Quarterly Review and TC declines; but JWC helps enlist other contributors. TC reads widely, borrowing books from Forster, Browning, and David Laing. John Sterling sends TC for criticism the MS of his play Strafford.

February. Robert Hanning is heard of from New York; Jenny moves to the Gill, the home of her sister, Mary Austin. A new edition of Heroes is planned. TC and many of his friends are exasperated with Peel's reluctance to deal with the Corn Laws. JWC hears of the illness of her mother and, after leaving from London (28th), collapses at Liverpool when she learns of her death.

March. 3: TC leaves London and travels to Scotland via Liverpool, arriving at Templand too late for the funeral (5th). He stays there to settle all Grace Welsh's affairs, sends some furniture to Cheyne Row, and arranges for a sale. 18: JWC mourning and ill returns home accompanied by her cousin Jeannie Welsh. 26: TC writes in support of Dickens's campaign for international copyright.

April. 3: TC and Robert Chambers begin to organize an appeal on behalf of Robert Burns's sister Isobel Begg. After the final sale at Templand, he leaves for Scotsbrig.

May. 5: sails from Annan and, in passing, visits Geraldine Jewsbury at Manchester, marvelling at the silence of the mills because of unemployment. 6: he visits Dr. Arnold at Rugby, explores the battlefield of Naseby with him (7th), and returns to London. He continues support for Mrs. Begg; and makes financial arrangements with Chapman & Hall, his new publishers.

June. JWC still unwell but, helped by her cousin's companionship, she is able to resume writing to friends. 12: death of Dr. Arnold. John Sterling in London on his return from Italy.

July. Food riots reported from Dumfries. JWC and Jeannie Welsh visit Windsor with John Sterling's parents. TC's Cromwellian work continues. Anti-Corn Law agitation is widespread, and TC attends a meeting of the national conference of the Anti-Corn Law League. Bronson Alcott, sent by Emerson, pays the first of several calls at Cheyne Row.

August. TC visits Belgium with Stephen Spring Rice (6–10th), and writes “Notes of a Three-Days' Tour” on his return. 11: JWC goes to stay with Charles and Isabella Buller at Troston, in Suffolk, leaving Jeannie Welsh in Cheyne Row. From this time JWC's letters are even more animated and more carefully preserved, and she writes brilliantly about her stay with the Bullers. TC's work is distracted by news of riots in the north of England.

September. 1: TC arrives at Troston, near Bury St. Edmunds, from which he tours the Cromwell country on horseback: Ely, Huntingdon and Cambridge (6–8th). The Carlyles return to London, and TC replies to Edward Fitzgerald at length about the battlefield of Naseby (18th). Maxwell of Dumfries finishes his portrait of TC's mother.

October. Visits from James Spedding and Mazzini. Continued correspondence with FitzGerald, who sends bones and bullets dug from the battlefield. 12: TC borrows from the London Library Jocelin's Chronicle about Abbot Sampson of Bury St. Edmunds. 15: Margaret Carlyle's portrait arrives at Chelsea. 16: Jeannie Welsh returns to Liverpool. JWC supports Mazzini's Italian Free School and reads Dickens's American Notes. 29: death of Allan Cunningham.

November. John Sterling proposes that they start a new periodical, but it comes to nothing. Gambardella gives up his portrait of TC and goes to Liverpool where he is to paint John Welsh and Jeannie. TC calls attention to the heroism of the Cornish miner Michael Verran; JWC continues support for the Italian school; and the Border Magazine prints an early biographical account of TC.

December. JWC ill with a pain in her side, and having continuous difficulty with Helen Mitchell. TC apparently working hard, but on Past and Present; he tells John Sterling, “I dare not even try Cromwell.” JWC is sent the first version of Geraldine Jewsbury's and Elizabeth Paulet's Zoe for her criticism. Both Carlyles enjoy Tennyson's Poems.