January-September 1856

The Collected Letters, Volume 31


TC TO LADY DILLON ; 3 June 1856; DOI: 10.1215/lt-18560603-TC-LD-01; CL 31: 106-108


Chelsea, 3 june, 1856—

Dear Lady Dillon,

I am very happy to find that the greatest of the Marshals Browne is certainly your kinsman: he was a person of much talent, worth, and distinction in his day; and gets a new hold upon me by his genealogy now.1

Maximilian Ulyssess Browne (born at Basel 1705, died at Prag 1757),2 Fieldmarshall Reichsgraf (Count of the Empire) &c, and distinguished by his proved talents and fine character in a still higher degree: he (as Mr Kirwan's friend supposes)3 is certainly the man I had in view. Of whom I have found a great many traces in my Austrian Books;—but will at present only mention the following, and with a practical purpose:

His Father and his uncle (says one of my Books), who were called respectively ‘Ulysses Browne and George Brown,4 of an ancient Catholic family in Ireland, quitted that country along with King James II in 1690’ (Battle of the Boyne being lost),5 ‘and resolved to take service with the Emperor,’—who at that time was Kaiser Leopold I6 (much hunted by the Turks &c, but not just then at War with Louis XIV);—Ulysses Browne's age was then 34 ‘(born 1656)[’]; George's age I nowhere find. They both rose to rank in the Army, and in the State: Counts, both of them; and George to be Feldzeugmeister Genl (“Master-of-the-Ordinance” Genl, an Austrian Title difft from ours); Ulysses to be Fieldmarshall (died, I think in 1731,—George a year or two earlier). George had no children. Ulysses when still only a Coll of Horse, ‘Married 24 jany 1699 an Irish Lady, Anna Fitzgerald,7 of the noble family of Desmond,’ and she, ‘who lived till 1747,’ brought him MAXIMILIAN ULYSSES, and perhaps other children.8 The good old Lady must have been much gratified with the famed actions her son had achieved before that time: Italian War, Turk War, War of Silesia (1740) &c &c

If Mr Dalton9 or any charitable person could tell me beyond dispute, who these two young Brownes that went out of Ireland in 1690 with King James were,—whose sons,10 where born, or if doing anything, what, prior to the Boyne disaster,—it would be a real favour of its sort.


There is another really distinguished Marshal Brown[e,] ‘George, born in Ireland 1698,’ Catholic too, who went abroad accordingly, got into the Russian service; and was for 30 many years a highly esteemed ‘Governor of Livonia,’ after his feats of war were concluded: he did not die till 1792,—only 6 from 100! I know not what sort of cousin he might be to the others.11

Other Austrian Irishmen of whom I could like extremely well to know are:

‘Lascy’ (Lacy, two Lacys, Father & son,12 the first a Russian; son a very high Austrian ultimately, a decidedly superior man): ‘Odonnell,’ Genl of Horse,13 often fighting under Maxn Uls Browne: ‘Macguire,14 who defended Dresden against Frederick: &c &c.—But I must wait to see what comes of Maxn Ulysses in Mr Dalton's hands, before embarking upon other adventures!

I surely think I once saw Mr Kirwan, at Dublin; did not know him for your kinsman.— I remain

Your Ladyship's most obedt

T. Carlyle