KEY TO REFERENCES; 1977; DOI: 10.1215/ed-07-key-to-references; CL 7: firstpage-07-ix-lastpage-07-xiv
Athenaeum, CP. “Letters to Coventry Patmore.” Athenaeum, July 17 1886, pp. 81–2.
Atkinson. Atkinson, Blanche. “My Four Letters from Carlyle.” Good Words, XXXIII (1892), 459–62.
Barton. Barton, F. R., ed. Some New Letters of Edward FitzGerald. London: Williams and Norgate, 1923.
Bliss, JWC. Bliss, Trudy, ed. Jane Welsh Carlyle: A New Selection of Her Letters. New York: Macmillan, 1950.
Bliss, TC. Bliss, Trudy, ed. Thomas Carlyle: Letters to His Wife. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1953.
Blunt, CCH. Blunt, Reginald. The Carlyle's Chelsea Home. London: George Bell and Sons, 1895.
Blunt, CLC. Blunt, Reginald. “Mrs. Carlyle and Her Little Charlotte.” The Strand Magazine, XLIX (London, March and April 1915), 280–91, 413–20.
Blunt, JWCH. Blunt, Reginald. “Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle to Her Housemaid.” Cornhill Magazine, N.S., XI, (October 1901), 456–67.
Blunt, JWCUL. Blunt, Reginald. “Jane Welsh Carlyle's Unpublished Letters.” Forum, LXVI (1921), 394–400, 538–43; LXVII (1922), 46–53.
Boswell. Life of Johnson. Ed. C. B. Tinker and R. W. Chapman, Oxford Standard Authors, rev. ed. London, New York, Toronto, 1953.
Calder, CILC. Calder, Grace J. “Carlyle and ‘Irving's London Circle.’” PMLA, LXIX (December 1954), 1135–49.
Calder, ED. Calder, Grace J. “Erasmus A. Darwin, Friend of Thomas and Jane Carlyle,” Modern Language Quarterly, XX (March 1959), 36–48.
A. Carlyle, CB. Carlyle, Alexander. “Correspondence between Carlyle and Browning.” Cornhill Magazine, N.S., XXXVIII (May 1915), 642–69.
A. Carlyle, CMSB. Carlyle, Alexander, ed. Letters of Thomas Carlyle to John Stuart Mill, John Sterling, and Robert Browning. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1923.
A. Carlyle, CS. Carlyle, Alexander. “Thomas Carlyle and Thomas Spedding.” Cornhill Magazine, L (May, June 1921), 513–37, 742–68.
A. Carlyle, ELLJW. Carlyle, Alexander. “Eight New Love Letters of Jane Welsh.” Nineteenth Century and After, LXXV (January 1914), 86–113.
A. Carlyle, LL. Carlyle, Alexander, ed. The Love Letters of Thomas Carlyle and Jane Welsh. 2 vols. London and New York: John Lane, 1909.
A. Carlyle, MNLJWC., Carlyle, Alexander. “More New Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle.” Nineteenth Century and After, LXXVI (July–December 1914), 317–49.
A. Carlyle, NL. Carlyle, Alexander, ed. New Letters of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London and New York: John Lane, 1904.
A. Carlyle, NLM. Carlyle, Alexander, ed. New Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. 2 vols. London and New York: John Lane, 1903.
Carlyle, Reminiscences. Carlyle, Thomas. Reminiscences. Ed. C. E. Norton. 2 vols. London and New York: Macmillan, 1887.
Carlyle, Two Note Books. Carlyle, Thomas. Two Note Books of Thomas Carlyle from 23d March 1822 to 10th May 1832. Ed. C. E. Norton. New York: Grolier Club, 1898.
Carlyle, Works. Carlyle, Thomas. Works. Centenary Edition. 30 vols. London: Chapman and Hall, 1896–99.
Chambers, CRC. Chambers, C. E. S. C. “Carlyle and Robert Chambers: Unpublished Letters.” Littell's Living Age, CCXXV (1900), 211–16.
CME. Carlyle's Works. Centennial Memorial Edition. XXVI. Boston: Dana Estes and Co., 1892.
Collingwood, Ruskin. Collingwood, W. G. The Life and Work of John Ruskin. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1894.
“Concerning Leigh Hunt.” “Concerning Leigh Hunt,” Cornhill Magazine, N.S., XVIII (May 1892), 480–506.
Conway, Autobiography. Conway, Moncure Daniel. Autobiography: Memories and Experiences. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1904.
Conway, Carlyle. Conway, Moncure Daniel. Thomas Carlyle. New York: Harper, 1881.
Cook, Ruskin. Cook, E. T. The Life of John Ruskin. 2nd ed. 2 vols. London: George Allen, 1912.
Cook and Wedderburn, Ruskin. Ruskin, John. Works. Ed. E. T. Cook and Alexander Wedderburn. London: George Allen; New York: Longmans, Green, 39 vols. 1903–12.
Copeland. Copeland, Charles Townsend. Letters of Thomas Carlyle to His Youngest Sister. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1899.
Davidson, Memories. Davidson, David. Memories of a Long Life. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1890.
Dodds, LC. Dodds, James. Lays of the Covenanters. With a memoir of the author by the Rev. James Dodds. Edinburgh: John Maclaren and Son, 1880.
Dreer. Dreer, Ferdinand Julius. A Catalogue of the Collections of Autographs, 2 vols. Philadelphia, 1890.
Duffy. Duffy, Sir Charles G. Conversations and Correspondence with Carlyle. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1892.
Dunn, CLF. Dunn, Waldo H. “Carlyle's Last Letters to Froude.” Twentieth Century, CLIX, 44–53, 255–63, 591–97; CLX, 240–46.
Dyer. Dyer, I. W. A Bibliography of Thomas Carlyle's Writings and Ana. Portland, Maine: Southworth Press, 1928.
EFML. FitzGerald, Edward. More Letters of Edward FitzGerald. London and New York: Macmillan, 1902.
Espinasse. Espinasse, Francis. Literary Recollections and Sketches. London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1893.
Faulkner. Faulkner, Peter, “Carlyle's Letters to Charles Redwood,” The Yearbook of English Studies, II (1972), 139–80, published by Modern Humanities Research Association.
Froude, Carlyle. Froude, J. A. Thomas Carlyle: A History of the First Forty Years of His Life, 1795–1835; A History of His Life in London, 1834–1881. 4 vols. London: Longmans, Green, 1882; 1884.
Froude, LM. Froude, J. A. ed. Letters and Memorials of Jane Welsh Carlyle. 3 vols. London: Longmans, Green, & Co., 1883.
Garnett. Garnett, Richard. “Eight Unpublished Letters of Thomas Carlyle.” Archiv für das Studium der Neueren Sprachen und Litteraturen, N.S., II (1899), 317–30.
Gilchrist, AG. Gilchrist, H. H., ed. Anne Gilchrist, Her Life and Writings. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1887.
Gorrie. Gorrie, D. “Letters by Carlyle to a Fellow Student.” Fortnightly Review, CI (April 1914), 628–39; CXVI (October 1921), 677–84.
Graham, CG. Graham, John, Jr., ed. Letters of Thomas Carlyle to William Graham. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1950.
Grant, SGS. Grant, James. Memoirs of Sir George Sinclair, Bart. of Webster. London: Tinsley Brothers, 1870.
Gray, CJF. Gray, W. Forbes. “Carlyle and John Forster: An Unpublished Correspondence.” Quarterly Review, CCLXVIII (April 1937), 271–87.
Hanna. Hanna, William, ed. Letters of Thomas Erskine of Linlathen. 2 vols. Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1877.
Hansons, NE. Hanson, Lawrence and Elisabeth. Necessary Evil: The Life of Jane Welsh Carlyle. London: Constable, 1952.
Harrison. Harrison, Frederic. Carlyle and the London Library. London: Chapman and Hall, 1907.
Harrold, Sartor. Harrold, Charles F., ed. Sartor Resartus, by Thomas Carlyle. New York: Odyssey Press, 1937.
Helps, Cor. Helps, E. A., ed. Correspondence of Sir Arthur Helps. London and New York: John Lane, 1917.
Hood, Carlyle. Hood, Edwin P. Thomas Carlyle: Philosophic Thinker, Theologian, Historian, and Poet. London: James Clarke; and Hodder and Stoughton, 1875.
Hood, LRB. Hood, Thurman L., ed. Letters of Robert Browning Collected by Thomas J. Wise. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1933.
Howells. Howells, John. “Carlyle's Holidays in Wales.” Red Dragon Magazine, VI (April, May, June 1884), 333–41, 461–69, 553–63.
Hughes, PP. Hughes, A. M. D., ed. Past and Present. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1918.
Huxley, JWCLF. Huxley, Leonard, ed. Jane Welsh Carlyle: Letters to Her Family, 1839–1863. New York: Doubleday, Page and Co., 1924.
Huxley, LJWC. Huxley, Leonard. “Letters from Jane Welsh Carlyle.” Cornhill Magazine, N.S., LXI (October, November 1926), 493–510, 622–38.
Kelly, Scottish Proverbs. Kelly, James. A Complete Collection of Scottish Proverbs (London, 1721).
Larkin, CC. Larkin, Henry. “Carlyle and Mrs. Carlyle: A Ten-Year Reminiscence.” British Quarterly Review, LXXIV (July 1881), 15–45.
Larkin, COS. Larkin, Henry. Carlyle and the Open Secret of His Life. London: Kegan Paul, Trench and Co., 1886.
Last Words. Last Words of Thomas Carlyle. London: Longmans, Green, 1892.
LBMBP. Letters Addressed to Mrs. Basil Montagu and B. W. Procter. Private Circulation. London: Chiswick Press, 1881.
Marrs. Marrs, Edwin W., Jr., The Letters of Thomas Carlyle to His Brother Alexander, with Related Family Letters. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.
Meunier. Meunier, P. A. “Lettres inédites de Carlyle et de George Eliot à Émile Montégut.” Revue de Littérature Comparée, V (July 1925), 499–505.
Mineka. Mineka, Francis E., ed. The Earlier Letters of John Stuart Mill, 1812–1848, 2 vols.; The Later Letters of John Stuart Mill, 1849–1873, 4 vols. Toronto and London: University of Toronto Press; Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1963, 1972.
Morley, CHCR. Morley, Edith J. “Carlyle in the Diary, Reminiscences, and Correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson.” London Mercury, VI (October 1922), 607–18.
Mulhauser, CC. Clough, A. H. Correspondence 2 vols. Ed. F. L. Mulhauser. New York: Oxford University Press, 1957.
Napier. Napier, Macvey, Jr., ed. Selection from the Correspondence of the Late Macvey Napier. London: Macmillan, 1879.
NLS. National Library of Scotland.
Nobbe. Nobbe, Susanne H. “Four Unpublished Letters of Thomas Carlyle,” PMLA, LXX (September 1955), 876–84.
Norton, CE. Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. The Correspondence of Thomas Carlyle and Ralph Waldo Emerson, 1834–1872. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1894.
Norton, EL. Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. Early Letters of Thomas Carlyle, 1814–1826. London and New York: Macmillan, 1886.
Norton, GC. Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. Correspondence between Goethe and Carlyle. London and New York: Macmillan, 1887.
Norton, L26–36. Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. Letters of Thomas Carlyle, 1826–1836. London and New York: Macmillan, 1889.
Norton, Letters. Norton, Charles Eliot. Letters. 2 vols. Ed. Sara Norton and M. A. De Wolfe Howe. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1913.
Norton, LRN. Norton, Charles Eliot, ed. Letters of John Ruskin to Charles Eliot Norton. 2 vols. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1904.
Norton, Recollections. Norton, Charles Eliot. “Recollections of Carlyle.” New Princeton Review, II (July 1886), 1–19.
Oliphant, Autobiography. Oliphant, Margaret Wilson. Autobiography and Letters. Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood & Sons, 1899.
Oliphant, TC. Oliphant, Margaret Wilson. “Thomas Carlyle.” Macmillan's Magazine, XLIII (April 1881), 482–96.
Preuss. Preuss, Richard. “Letters from Carlyle to Von Ense.” New Review, VI (April, May 1892), 408–29, 593–608.
Reid, RMM. Reid, T. Wemyss. The Life, Letters, and Friendships of Richard Monckton Milnes, First Lord Houghton. 2 vols. London: Cassell and Co., 1890.
Ritchie. Ritchie, David G., ed. Early Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle. London: S. Sonnenschein, 1889.
Rusk. Rusk, Ralph L., ed. The Letters of Ralph Waldo Emerson. 6 vols. New York: Columbia University Press, 1939.
RWEMA. Ralph Waldo Emerson Memorial Association. Harvard University.
Sadler. [Sadler, Thomas.] “Carlyle and Neuberg.” Macmillan's Magazine, L (August 1884), 280–97.
Sanders, CB. Sanders, C. R. “Some Lost and Unpublished Carlyle-Browning Correspondence.” JEGP, LXII (April 1963), 323–35.
Sanders, CH. Sanders, C. R. “The Correspondence and Friendship of Thomas Carlyle and Leigh Hunt.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, XLV (March 1963), 439–85; XLVI (September 1963), 179–216.
Sanders, CLR. Sanders, C. R. “Carlyle's Letters to Ruskin: A Finding List with Some Unpublished Letters and Comments.” Bulletin of the John Rylands Library, XLI (September 1958), 208–38.
Sanders, CT. Sanders, C. R. “Carlyle and Tennyson.” PMLA, LXXVI (March 1961), 82–97.
Scudder, JWCJN. Scudder, Townsend, ed. Letters of Jane Welsh Carlyle to Joseph Neuberg, 1848–1862. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1931.
Shepherd, Carlyle. Shepherd, Richard Herne, ed. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Thomas Carlyle. 2 vols. London: W. H. Allen, 1881.
Shine, CER. Shine, Hill. Carlyle's Early Reading, to 1834. Lexington, Ky.: University of Kentucky Libraries, 1953.
Slater, CEC. Slater, Joseph, ed. The Correspondence of Emerson and Carlyle. New York and London: Columbia University Press, 1964.
Slater, GRTC. Slater, Joseph. “George Ripley and Thomas Carlyle.” PMLA, LXVII (June 1952), 341–49.
Smith, RCLH. Smith, Walter C. “Reminiscences of Carlyle and Leigh Hunt; Being extracts from the Diary of the late John Hunter, of Craig-crook.” Good Words, XXIII (1882), 96–103.
Speck. Speck, William A. “New Letters of Carlyle to Eckermann.” Yale Review, XV (July 1926), 736–57.
Stirling, JHS. Stirling, Amelia H. James Hutchison Stirling, His Life and Work. London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1912.
Stoddart, JSB. Stoddart, Anna M. John Stuart Blackie. 2 vols. Edinburgh and London: Wm. Blackwood & Sons, 1895.
E. Strachey, LC. Strachey, Sir Edward. “Some Letters and Conversations of Thomas Carlyle.” Atlantic Monthly, LXXIII (June 1894), 822–34.
G. Strachey, CRG. Strachey, George. “Carlyle and the ‘Rose-Goddess.’” Nineteenth Century, XXXII (September 1892), 470–86.
G. Strachey, Rem. Strachey, George. “Reminiscences of Carlyle with Some Unpublished Letters.” New Review (July 1893), pp. 17–23.
Tennyson, SARTOR. Tennyson, G. B. SARTOR Called RESARTUS. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1965.
Two Reminiscences. Clubbe, John, ed., Two Reminiscences of Thomas Carlyle. (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1974).
ULC. “Unpublished Letters of Carlyle.” Scribner's Magazine, XIII (1893), 416–25.
Wilson, Carlyle. Wilson, David Alec. Carlyle. 6 vols. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co., Ltd.; New York: E. P. Dutton and Co., 1923–34.
Wilson, CLW. “Carlyle's Unpublished Letters to Miss Wilson.” Nineteenth Century. LXXXIX (May, June 1921), 802–11, 1017–23.
Woolner, TW. Woolner, Amy. Thomas Woolner, R. A., Sculptor and Poet. London: Chapman and Hall, 1917.
Wright, EFL. FitzGerald, Edward. Letters. Ed. W. A. Wright. London and New York: Macmillan and Co., 1894.
Wylie. Wylie, William Howie. Thomas Carlyle The Man and his Books. London: Marshall Japp and Co., 1881.