August 1846-June 1847

The Collected Letters, Volume 21


TC TO T. G. TYNDALE; 21 October 1846; DOI: 10.1215/lt-18461021-TC-TGT-01; CL 21:77-78.


Chelsea, 21 Octr, 1846—

Dear Sir,

Accept my kind thanks for your Excerpt from the Holton Register; which becomes a really luminous little scrap of writing, when set in its due combination; and was well worth copying, and preserving for a new edition.

Ireton's marriage, I find, took place just when the Siege of Oxford was about to end: 15 june 1646 is Monday, on the Saturday following, Oxford was surrendered.1 There had been little fighting, but a great deal of negociating,—a “treaty” extending from the beginning of May; and Ireton, I perceive, was one of Fairfax's “Commissioners” on that business.2 As the end of that was now clear, and indeed the end of the whole war, Ireton had concluded that his marriage might take place.

As “Dell,” Fairfax's Chaplain, performed the ceremony, not to speak of other considerations, I guess with some confidence that Holton House, with its military resources, was then Fairfax's quarters: Oliver and other friends would bring up the Bride from London, to whom with others Wm Dell, the famed Puritan, would preach in your pulpit on the Sunday.3 The front of Fairfax's Lines ran from Headington to Marston, then across the Cherwell, and between that and the Isis, on the North side of the City; on the South and elsewhere, by a “dam at St Clement's Bridge,” the country was all under water. Ireton, as one of the Commissioners for surrender, was of course near the City. “The Lady Whorwood,” I imagine, must have been Mrs Whorwood; of whom elsewhere I find traces, in the Royalist direction.4— The little record in your Parish Register is well worth preserving!—

The only thing still dubious to me is one of the smallest: a letter in the Rector's name (Eates or Eales?5); and whether the Rector, who seems to have written this particular Entry, wrote also the others that occur in the Book thereabouts? Or whether some Clerk did it; and in perhaps a different form from this? If you could have the goodness to copy me the Entry that precedes and the one that follows; or otherwise to satisfy me on this small point, it would very handsomely complete my obligation to you, and leave this little matter in a perfect state.

With many thanks

Yours very truly /

T. Carlyle